Last Updated on May 16, 2023
Ensuring RV tank heaters are working correctly is essential for RV enthusiasts looking to brave the colder climates. Failing to do so could lead to a great deal of discomfort, including a lack of hot water and a non-functioning bathroom. But how can one tell if their RV tank heaters are running correctly?
There are easy ways to check if your RV tank heater is in good condition so you can drive confidently. First, turn off the propane supply valve and remove the burner assembly and heat exchanger cover. Then clean the burner assembly and check for proper gas pressure at the orifice.
Let’s discuss these steps in greater detail to understand better how to check your RV tank heater.
How to Tell If RV Tank Heaters Are Working: Easy Steps
If you’re wondering how to check if your RV tank heater is working, you can take a few steps to ensure it’s functioning properly. The process will differ slightly depending on whether you have an electric or propane tank heater.
Step 1: Turn off the Propane Supply Valve
When testing your propane RV tank heater, the first step is to turn off your propane supply valve. This is a crucial safety measure that must be taken before any inspection or maintenance work can be done on the heater.
To turn off the propane supply valve, locate the valve and turn it clockwise until it stops. This will shut off the flow of propane to the heater and prevent any accidents or leaks from occurring.
Step 2: Take Off the Burner Assembly and Heat Exchanger Cover
Next, remove the burner assembly by unscrewing it from its mounting bracket. Be sure to keep track of any screws or bolts holding it in place. Once removed, inspect the burner assembly for any signs of damage or debris buildup.
After inspecting the burner assembly, clean it thoroughly with a soft brush or compressed air. Remove any dirt or debris that may have accumulated on its surface.
Step 3: Clean the Burner Assembly and Orifice
To ensure that your RV tank heater works efficiently, it’s also important to regularly clean the burner assembly and orifice. Over time, debris and dirt can accumulate in these areas, causing blockages that prevent the propane from flowing correctly.
Clean the burner assembly and orifice using a soft-bristled brush or compressed air. Remove any debris that may have accumulated in these areas, as this can affect proper gas flow.
Step 4: Check for Proper Gas Pressure at Burner Orifice
To ensure your propane tank heater is working correctly, checking for proper gas pressure at the burner orifice is essential. This will help you avoid any issues with low heat output or inefficient fuel consumption.
Use a manometer to check for the correct gas pressure at the burner orifice. The recommended pressure range for most RV propane tank heaters is between 10 to 11 inches of water column (WC). If the pressure falls outside of this range, adjustments may need to be made to ensure optimal performance.
It’s important to note that improper gas pressure can lead to various issues, including flame failure, delayed ignition, and even dangerous carbon monoxide build-up. Regular maintenance and inspection of your propane tank heater can help prevent these problems and keep your RV running smoothly.
In addition to checking for proper gas pressure, following manufacturer guidelines for handling and storing your propane tank heater during winter months is essential. This may include draining any remaining water from the system and protecting exposed components from freezing temperatures.
What are the common types of RV tank heaters?
There are two main types of RV tank heaters: electric and propane.
Electric tank heaters use electricity to heat the water in the RV’s tanks. A 120-volt AC power source, such as a generator or shore power hookup, typically powers them. Electric tank heaters are easy to use and maintain but can be less efficient than propane heaters.
On the other hand, propane tank heaters heat the water in your RV’s tanks using propane gas. They are typically more efficient than electric heaters but require a propane supply to operate. Propane tank heaters are ideal for dry camping or boondocking when shore power is unavailable.
Are there any signs your RV tank heater isn’t working?
One of the most frustrating things that can happen on an RV trip is realizing that your tank heater isn’t working. A few signs can indicate this problem, such as a lack of hot water, frozen pipes, and low water pressure.
If you notice any of these signs, you must check your RV tank heater to determine if it’s working properly. Depending on the type of heater you have installed in your RV, there are different steps you can take to test its functionality.
How do you maintain RV tank heaters to ensure optimal performance?
Maintaining RV tank heaters is crucial for ensuring their optimal performance. Neglecting regular maintenance can lead to issues such as reduced efficiency, malfunctioning, and even complete system failure.
Therefore, it is essential to follow some simple steps to keep your RV tank heaters in good condition.
Regular inspection and cleaning are one of the most critical steps in maintaining RV tank heaters. Over time, sediment and mineral buildup can accumulate inside the tanks and clog the heating elements. This can cause decreased efficiency and eventually lead to system failure.
To prevent this from happening, it is recommended that you drain and flush your tanks at least once a year.
For regular cleaning, it is also vital to repair or replace any faulty parts as soon as possible. If you notice any leaks or damage to the heating elements, it is best to have them repaired or replaced by a professional technician. Delaying repairs can result in further damage and costly repairs down the line.
Proper handling and storage during winter months is another critical aspect of maintaining RV tank heaters. Freezing temperatures can cause significant damage to your system if not properly winterized.
Before storing your RV for the winter, drain all water from the tanks and lines, add antifreeze if necessary, and turn off all power sources.
When should you turn on your RV tank heaters?
As temperatures drop below freezing, leaving your RV tanks uninsulated is a recipe for disaster. Without the insulated barrier provided by the RV tank heaters, the water in your tanks could quickly freeze, leading to cracks, leaks, and, ultimately, damage that could cost thousands to repair.
Therefore, turning on your RV tank heaters whenever the temperature is expected to dip below freezing is crucial to prevent your tanks from freezing.
And preventing freezing, using RV tank heaters could also benefit your pipes. The residual heat from these pads could help keep surrounding pipes warm, preventing burst pipes due to the cold weather.
At what temp should I turn on my RV tank heaters?
Understanding the optimal temperature to turn on the RV tank heaters is essential to ensure they work effectively. The thermostatically controlled heating pad installed in most RVs should begin heating when the holding tank temperature is at or around 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
This temperature ensures that the tank heaters are not overworking, as they turn off when the temperature around the holding tank reaches about 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Therefore, it is important to note that the RV tank heaters are only beneficial in preventing freezing and keeping pipes warm at the recommended temperature range, around 40 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Is it safe to leave an RV holding tank heaters all night?
While using RV tank heaters is essential during cold weather, it is equally important to use them safely. Leaving your RV’s holding tank heater on all night is generally safe, as they are designed to turn off when the holding tank temperature reaches around 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
But, it is essential to remember that each RV unit differs, and checking the owner’s manual is essential to ensure your tank heaters function correctly. Also, it is advisable to periodically check the holding tank temperature to ensure the heaters aren’t overworking, which could lead to issues.
Ensure a Comfortable and Safe RV Trip with Reliable Tank Heaters
Ensuring your RV tank heaters are in working order is crucial for a pleasant outdoor excursion. Among the most common tank heaters for RVs are electric and propane models. Signs of malfunction include low water pressure, frozen pipes, and a general lack of hot water.
To confirm that your RV tank heaters are functioning, refer to the specific testing procedures for electric or propane types. To maintain prime tank heater performance, inspect for defects, clean regularly, replace damaged parts, and securely store tank heaters during winter.
With these steps, you can embark on your next trip with the confidence that your RV tank heaters are operating properly.